Supported Employment for People with Disabilities
Traditional employment interventions are directed towards sheltered work with a more distant goal of competitive employment (“train then place”). The interventions Supported Employment and Individual Placement and Support (IPS) aim rather to rapidly place the participant in competitive work (paid work in an ordinary work environment, full time or part time), with support and follow‐up of employee and employer (“place then train”).
We conducted a systematic review on the effect of Supported Employment/IPS on employment, including 38 studies from Europe, North America and Asia. The studies involved primarily participants with serious mental illness, but also participants with severe physical injuries or developmental disorders.
- What are the principles of Supported Employment and Individual Placement and Support (IPS)
- The results of a systematic review of international studies on Supported Employment and IPS, including 38 studies on employment outcomes and health outcomes
- Experiences and success factors from the implementation of Supported Employment and IPS in Norway
From experiences in Norway the last years, we know that IPS is implemented when the practitioners by heart knows that:
- Helping people working in a regular job in everyday work environments enhances people lives, promotes wellness and reduces stigma.
- You do not know who in your caseload is going to be successful at work. It seems natural to assume that people who use drugs or have many symptoms of mental illness would not be successful at work, but this is incorrect.
- We know that motivation to work is a strong predictor of success. People who are ambivalent about getting a job need support and encouragement so they can build their confidence about being able to work.