Motivational Interviewing Complements Work Rehabilitation Practice With Injured Workers
It is well understood that psychosocial and behavioral factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders are important barriers to successful return-to-work outcomes. However, there are few evidence-based methods in work rehabilitation that effectively address these barriers.
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Motivational Interviewing is a client-centered approach designed to facilitate behavior change. The approach views individuals as dynamic and complex, driven by contending and conflicting motives, resulting in ambivalence and fluctuating degrees of self-efficacy. Thus, Motivational Interviewing appears to be especially compatible for addressing psychosocial aspects related to behavior change. The applicability of Motivational Interviewing across a variety of issues, its brief and specific interactions, and practical use in combination with other active treatment methods has intrigued many health care practitioners and led to explorations of the utility of Motivational Interviewing in other areas of health care practice.
Define and review current evidence on motivational interviewing
Discuss how the Readiness for Change model can provide a framework for understanding the process of behaviour change with injured workers
Discuss how Motivational Interviewing can provide the means to facilitate behaviour change process
Present results of a recent clinical trial evaluating the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing for improving return-to-work rates with injured workers
Dr. Gross is Director of the Rehabilitation Research Centre (RRC) and a Senior Associate Editor with the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. Dr. Gross studies the prevention of disability in people with physical and mental health disorders. This includes investigating the effectiveness of clinical and public health interventions, the validity of clinical decision support and other assessment tools, as well as factors associated with disability. He has given numerous national and international presentations and published over 100 peer-reviewed articles.
Joanne Park has worked as an Occupational Therapist in the area of work rehabilitation for over 12 years. As an Occupational Therapist she completes musculoskeletal assessments, functional capacity evaluations, brain injury assessments, and job demands analyses. She is also a sessional instructor for the Department of Occupational Therapy at the University of Alberta. She has recently completed her PhD at the University of Alberta and her research includes the evaluation of motivational interviewing as an intervention to improve return-to-work rates with injured workers.